Trung Tâm Nghiên cứu Tài nguyên và Môi trường, kỷ yếu hội thảo quốc gia lần thứ II Môi trường và phát triển bền vững, 2010. Nxb. Khoa học Kỹ thuật
In 2003, Dat Mui Nature Reserve and Bai Boi Coastal Protection Forest were combined
together with adjacent areas of natural habitat, to form Mui Ca Mau National Park. The Park was officially established by Decision No. 142/TTg of the Prime Minister. The Park covers an area of 41,862 ha and is situated at the southernmost tip of Viet Nam (8o 32' to 8
o 49'N; 104o 40' to 104o 55'E).
As shrimp aquaculture development is important in poverty reduction and livelihood improve-
ment in the research area, this study is an attempt to produce an assessment of the impact of shrimp aquaculture in the mangrove forest of Mui Ca Mau National Park. Thirty interviews were carried out among the local population to acquire information on the ethnobotanical aspects or
local uses and the levels of knowledge on the mangrove forest, the shrimp aquacultural cultiva-
tion and the perception on the status and dynamics of the mangrove forest. Field surveys were conducted to examine the spatial dynamics of the National Park mangroves. Total 52 quadrats
based field surveys were carried out in 2/2007 and 8/2010 to assess the current vegetation struc-
ture and shrimp aquaculture related ecological status of the mangrove in the Park.
The study found that the mangroves in Mui Ca Mau National Park have been qualitatively and
quantitatively degrading due to various anthropogenic causes like the over-exploitation of nat-
ural resources, pollution from rural and unbanised areas, especially the extensive development
of shrimp aquaculture in 20 years recently. Exploitation of the National Park mangroves by the local communities has been practiced since time immemorial to satisfy their basic needs in fuel and construction wood and to get increased foreign earnings from shrimp aquaculture.